James McCune Smith, MD and Abolitionist, was one of the most educated Americans of his time, Frederick Douglass called him his “most important influence”.
David Ruggles was New York’s most radical, infamous, and hated black abolitionist, and the chief operative of the New York Committee of Vigilance.
Gerrit Smith was a wealthy radical abolitionist and social reformer from NY. He donated millions to social causes and helped hundreds of slaves.
Henry Highland Garnet was a radical New York abolitionist. 1843 he called for slaves to rise up. 1865 he spoke as first black man in the US Capitol.
Jermain Wesley Loguen (1813-1872), a fugitive slave from Tennesse was one of the nation’s most active agents of the Underground Railroad in Syracuse. NY.
In response to the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law, Frederick Douglass and Gerrit Smith resolved to resist it and to defy any law aiming to destroy rights.