James McCune Smith, MD and Abolitionist, was one of the most educated Americans of his time, Frederick Douglass called him his “most important influence”.
Beriah Green (1795-1874) was the president of New York’s hotbed of abolitionism, the Oneida Institute, and envisioned a truly egalitarian interracial society.
Gerrit Smith was a wealthy radical abolitionist and social reformer from NY. He donated millions to social causes and helped hundreds of slaves.
Ann Carroll Fitzhugh Smith was a NY abolitionist, who with her husband, Gerrit Smith, helped hundreds of slaves by buying them free or assisting fugitives.
In response to the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law, Frederick Douglass and Gerrit Smith resolved to resist it and to defy any law aiming to destroy rights.